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Titanium

The element Titanium is the 9th most abundant element in the earth's crust and titanium the 4th most common metal part. Titanium is number 22 on the periodic table and titanium has an atomic weight of 47.90 and is represented by the symbol "Ti". The element  titanium itself is recovered in the form of Rutile quartz from the mineral Ilmenite. Rutile is generally mined in Australia, China, Canada and the U.S.A.

 

In order to obtain this metal it have to combine the rutile with coke or tar, chlorine gas, and after heating it creates titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4). This is then converted by a chemical process to a so-called "titanium sponge" which is then melted into a titanium ingot form. Titanium is melted in two ways: either melt under the vacuum (VAR), or by using the so-called cold hearth furnace process.

 

The original need for titanium came in particular from the military aerospace because of the structural properties of titanium such as good strength and high density. Titanium is very good resistant to oxidation as titanium when exposed in oxygen creates a thin film layer which works against protective oxide attacks. Because of the bio compatibility of titanium it can be used in the human body for the hip, knee implants, teethimplants and pacemakers. Other properties that make titanium particular, it’s the unique "look", and that titanium is non-magnetic. In addition, titanium has a relatively high melting point and it has a relatively good thermal conductivity.

 

Important features of titanium:

  • high density
  • good corrosion resistance
  • bio compatibility
  • non-magnetic

Applications of titanium:

  • aerospace
  • chemical processing
  • offshore
  • medical
  • sports equipment

 

Range of Products of titanium:

Rods, wires, plates, foils and sheets, tubes, standard fabricated parts (screws, nuts and others) and finished parts according to drawings.

 

Alloy UNS Norms

Ti Grade 1
Ti Grade 2
Ti Grade 3
Ti Grade 4
Ti Grade 5 (6AL4V)
Ti Grade 6 (5Al2.5Sn)
Ti Grade 7
Ti Grade 9 (3Al2.5V)

Ti Grade 11

Ti Grade 12
Ti Grade 19 (Beta C)
Ti Grade 23 (Ti6AL4V/ELI)

Ti Grade 29 (Ti6Al4V0.1Ru)

Ti6Al2Sn4Zr2Mo
Ti6Al6V2Sn
Ti10V2Fe3Al
Ti8Al1Mo1V
Ti6Al2Sn4Zr6Mo

R50250
R50400
R50550
R50700
R56200
R54520
R52400
R56320

R52550

R53400

R58153
R56401

R56404

R54620
R56620
Not standardized
R54810
R56260